Cuban dating customs
Cuban dating customs
The peninsulares' privileges and wealth evoked the resentment of the creoles, who outnumbered them.
Afrocuban music and dance were also appropriated as symbols of the nation beginning in 1898, when the United States invaded the island, and especially after the triumph of the Revolution in 1959. The Cuban nation has arisen from a history of colonial and imperial domination.The indigenous past was largely abandoned and forgotten, save only a few cultural survivals in language and architecture.The only people left on the island were peninsulares (those born in Spain), creoles (colonists of European decent who were born on the island), and African slaves.Thus, it is there that Afrocuban art, religion, and music were most strongly expressed and the cultural movement "afrocubanismo" began. Languages spoken by the indigenous population are extinct.French was spoken for a short time by slave-holding European refugees from the 1791 Haitian revolution but this has since died out. The three major symbols of national identity have arisen from the three struggles for independence.About a third of the island is mountainous, consisting of the Guaniguanco chain in the western province of Pinar del Rio, the Escambrey in the south-central province of Las Villas, and the largest system, the Sierra Maestra, in the western province of Oriente.
Between these mountain systems is a large plain in the western province of Matanzas and another in the eastern province of Camaguëy.Formal colonial status under Spain was ended only by the invasion by the United States in 1898, when military and corporate interests made the island a de facto colony of the United States.After the triumph of the Revolution on 1 January 1959, Cuba became truly independent for the first time since the colonial invasion of 1511.After the Haitian revolution of 1791, creoles and peninsulares thought that only the presence of the Spanish army could maintain order and their privilege.This fear added to the reluctance of the slave-holding creole elite to support the movement for independence.At least 50 percent of the population is classified as mulatto (mixed African and European descent), although the cultural privilege assigned to whiteness probably causes many mulattos to minimize their African heritage.